Article: article from journal or magazin.
CD28 co-stimulates TCR/CD3-induced phosphoinositide turnover in human T lymphocytes.
European Journal of Immunology
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Upon engagement of TCR with peptide-MHC complexes displayed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells, T lymphocytes undergo a sustained elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration([Ca(2+)](i)), which is required for cytokine production. In the present work, we investigate how inositol lipid metabolism can be activated for a prolonged time to ensure a sustained link between receptor triggering and downstream signaling effectors. Four lines of evidence indicate that an extensive phosphoinositide turnover induced by TCR and CD28 engagement allows this task to be accomplished: (i) continuous phosphoinositide breakdown is required for a sustained [Ca(2+)](i )increase in antigen-stimulated T cells; (ii) TCR triggering results in a continuous release of inositol phosphates from the cell membrane paralleled by a massive and sustained phosphoinositide re-synthesis due to free inositol re-incorporation; (iii) TCR-induced phosphoinositide turnover is strongly increased by CD28 ligation; and (iv) CD28 engagement augments and sustains the TCR-induced [Ca(2+)](i )increase. Our results show that the T cell pool of phosphoinositides is continuously re-formed during T cell-APC cognate interaction, thereby explaining how sustained receptor triggering can transduce an equally sustained [Ca(2+)](i) increase. Importantly, our data identify a novel step in the signaling cascade where co-stimulation converges with TCR-generated signals to sustain and amplify the activation process.
Antigens, CD28/metabolism, Antigens, CD3/metabolism, Calcium/metabolism, Calcium Signaling, Cell Division, Cell Line, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Down-Regulation, Humans, Inositol Phosphates/metabolism, Isoenzymes/metabolism, Lymphocyte Activation, Phosphatidylinositols/metabolism, Phospholipase C gamma, Phosphorylation, Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/metabolism, T-Lymphocytes/cytology, T-Lymphocytes/enzymology, Type C Phospholipases/metabolism
Web of science
Last modification date