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Hyper-HDL-cholestérolémie: prévalence et aspects cliniques [Hyper-HDL-cholesterolemia: prevalence and clinical aspects]
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
The prevalence and clinical aspects of high-HDL-cholesterolemia were investigated in 2000 patients (1215 males and 785 females) aged 14-88 years in our medical outpatient department. The incidence of high-HDL-cholesterolemia was 7% (greater than 1.68 mmol/l) in males and 9.9% (greater than 1.94 mmol/l) in females and was associated in 80% of cases with a normal lipid profile according to the Fredrickson classification. Compared with patients with low-HDL-cholesterolemia, high-HDL-cholesterolemia distinguished by a lower incidence of obesity, of hyperlipidemia, of diabetes and of cigarette smoking. In contrast, daily alcohol intake was significantly higher. Fewer patients had a history of ischemic cardiovascular events. High-HDL-cholesterolemia appears to arise from both environmental and genetic factors.
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alcohol Drinking, Cholesterol, HDL, Female, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Life Style, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Smoking, Switzerland, Thrombosis
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