Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Aquaporin expression after thrombin preconditioning in ischemic mouse brain
Title of the conference
16th European Stroke Conference
Glasgow, United-Kingdom, May 29-June 1 2007
Background: Aquaporin-4 (AQP4), a water channel, is induced early after stroke.The role of AQP4 in the development and resolution of oedema after stroke remainsdebated. The absence of AQP4 in KO-mice reduces the cytotoxic oedema formationbut in contrast aggravates the vasogenic edema. Thrombin at high dose is known toinduce an oedema and at a low dose (thrombin preconditioning, TPC), to inducetolerance to ischemia. We studied the expression of AQPs in ischemic mouse brainsafter TPC and correlation with oedema formation.Methods: For thrombin preconditioning (TPC), mice were injected intracerebroventricularlywith a low dose of thrombin (0.1U in 2?l), followed 24 hours laterby a 30 min transient middle cerebral occlusion (MCAo). AQP4 expression wasevaluated by immunohistochemistry 1h and 48h after ischemia and correlated withoedema formation in vehicle injected and TPC mice.Results: After TPC, oedema formation, assessed by hemispheric enlargement, wassignificantly attenuated at 1h (4.5 ± 2% vs 11.0 ± 5% in CTL, p<0.05, n=8),which was confirmed by wet weight/dry weight ratio (79.6 ± 0.3% vs 80.1 ± 0.1in ctl, p<0.05, n=0.05). At the same time-point, AQP4 expression was significantlyincreased in TPC mice, (148.9% of the control, P<0.05, n=6) in the ischemicstriatum. The oedema was still reduced at 48h after stroke onset in TPC mice. At48h, the level of expression for AQP4 was still higher for TPC animal although notreaching significance (NS). The lesion size was significantly reduced at 48h afterstroke in TPC mice (5.1 ± 1.6 vs 10.6 ± 1.8 mm2 in CTL, n=5).Discussion: The correlation between the early induction of AQP4 and the decreaseof oedema formation in TPC mice suggests that the induction of AQP4 preventsthe development of oedema.Funding: FNS #3100A0-108001, #3200 68306.02 & #3100A0-112484 and Swiss-Heart foundation.
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