Article: article from journal or magazin.
Neurobehavioural effects of experimental isopropanol exposure.
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the acute effects of isopropanol exposure at the maximum allowable concentration (MAC) level on the performance of neurobehavioural functions. METHODS: In an exposure chamber 20 healthy subjects aged between 21 and 30 years were exposed to isopropanol at a concentration of 400 ppm (Swiss MAC value) for 8 h. A control group of another 20 subjects of the same age range, gender and education as used in a previous study with methylformate were subjected to the same test procedures without exposure. Mood was measured with the profile of mood states (POMS) in the morning, at noon and in the evening. Neurobehavioural performance tests were administered using the Wiener Test System (Wiener reaction test, Stroop, nonverbal learning, Wiener determination test, "Konturtracking" test), and the digit span test of the Neurobehavioural evaluation system (NES2). A test for postural sway was also conducted. During the POMS and the Wiener determination test the electromyography of the forehead and the left neck muscle as well as the pulse were registered. In the morning and evening spirometry (FVC, FEV, MEF and PEF) and odour threshold were measured. RESULTS: Only postural sway in bipedal standing at noon showed stronger deterioration in the exposed than in the control group when compared with the morning values. The evening values of monopedal standing were also more impaired in the exposed than the control group. In the other tests, no solvent effect could be established. CONCLUSIONS: It can be assumed, that, similar to other alcohols, isopropanol affects postural balance. Our results point to such a disturbance, but because it is the only study so far using the MAC value, any conclusions about safety risks would be premature.
2-Propanol, Adult, Affect, Electromyography, Female, Heart Rate, Humans, Male, Odors, Psychomotor Performance, Respiratory Function Tests, Sensory Thresholds
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