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Lack of metabolic and behavioral adaptations in rural Gambian men with low body mass index.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Energy expenditure was measured by means of a respiratory chamber in two groups of adult rural Gambian men. The first group (n = 29) had a low body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) < 18.5), whereas the control group (n = 29) had a higher BMI (> 22). This study shows that the energy expenditure of Gambian men with low BMI is not different from that of Gambian men with normal BMI when the results are normalized for fat-free mass or for weight by analysis of covariance. In Gambian men the nutritional status thus does not seem to affect energy metabolism notably. No differences in respiratory quotient, diet-induced thermogenesis, net work efficiency, spontaneous physical activity, heart rate, or urinary catecholamine excretion were observed between the two groups. It is, however, interesting to note that the basal metabolic rate of Gambian men, regardless of their nutritional status, is approximately 10% (range 4-12% depending on the reference value used) lower than that predicted for individuals living in industrialized countries.
Adaptation, Physiological, Adult, Anthropometry, Body Composition, Body Mass Index, Calorimetry, Indirect, Cross-Sectional Studies, Energy Metabolism, Exercise/physiology, Exercise Test, Gambia, Health Behavior, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nutritional Status, Rural Population
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