Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Use of levosimendan as rescue therapy in children with low cardiac output syndrome.
Title of the conference
Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der SGK, SGSM, SGPK, SGHC und SHG
Basel, Schweiz, 8.-10. Juni 2011
Objective: Aim of post operative treatments after cardiac surgery is to avoid low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS). Levosimendan, a new inotrope agent, has been demonstrated in adult patient to be an effective treatment for this purpose when classical therapy is not effective. It shows a positive effect on cardiac output, with fewer adverse effects and lower mortality than with dopamine. There is very few data on its benefit in the paediatric population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of levosimendan in cardiac children with LCOS.Methods: Retrospective analysis of 25 children hospitalised in our PICU after cardiac surgery that demonstrated LCOS not responding to classical catecholamine therapy and who received levosimendan as rescue. LCOS parameters like urine output, mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2), arterio-venous differences in CO2 (AVCO2) and plasmatic lactate were compared before therapy and at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the beginning of the levosimendan infusion. We also analyzed the effect on the utilisation of amines (amine score), adverse events and mortality.Results: After the beginning of levosimendan infusion, urine output (3.1 vs 5.3ml/kg/h, p=0.003) and SVO2 (56 vs 64mmHg, p=0.001) increase significantly during first 72 hours and at the same time plasmatic lactate (2.6 vs 1.4 mmole/l, p<0.001), AVCO2 (11 vs 8 mmHg, p=0.002) and amine score (63 vs 39, p=0.007) decrease significantly. No side effects were noted during administration of levosimendan. In this group of patients, mortality was 0%.Conclusion: Levosimendan is an effective treatment in children after congenital heart surgery. Our study, with a greater sample of patient than other studies, confirms the improvement of cardiac output already shown in other paediatric studies.
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