Article: article from journal or magazin.
Increased apoptosis induction by 121F mutant p53.
Publication types: Journal Article
p53 mutants in tumours have a reduced affinity for DNA and a reduced ability to induce apoptosis. We describe a mutant with the opposite phenotype, an increased affinity for some p53-binding sites and an increased ability to induce apoptosis. The apoptotic function requires transcription activation by p53. The mutant has an altered sequence specificity and selectively fails to activate MDM2 transcription. Loss of MDM2 feedback results in overexpression of the mutant, but the mutant kills better than wild-type p53 even in MDM2-null cells. Thus the apoptotic phenotype is due to a combination of decreased MDM2 feedback control and increased or unbalanced expression of other apoptosis-inducing p53 target genes. To identify these genes, DNA chips were screened using RNA from cells expressing the apoptosis-inducing mutant, 121F, and a sequence-specificity mutant with the reciprocal phenotype, 277R. Two potential new mediators of p53-dependent apoptosis were identified, Rad and PIR121, which are induced better by 121F than wild-type p53 and not induced by 277R. The 121F mutant kills untransformed MDM2-null but not wild-type mouse embryo fibroblasts and kills tumour cells irrespective of p53 status. It may thus expand the range of tumours which can be treated by p53 gene therapy.
Animals, Apoptosis, Base Sequence, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21, Cyclins/metabolism, DNA, Complementary, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Mice, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutagenesis, Nuclear Proteins, Phenotype, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2, Tumor Cells, Cultured, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
Web of science
Last modification date