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Consensus meeting on "Relevance of parenteral vitamin C in acute endothelial dependent pathophysiological conditions (EDPC)".
European Journal of Medical Research
The 22 supersetnd Hohenheim Consensus Workshop took place in at the University of Stuttgart-Hohenheim. The subject of this conference was vitamin C and its role in the treatment of endothelial dysfunction. Scientists, who had published and reviewed scientific and regulatory papers on that topic were invited, among them basic researchers, toxicologists, clinicians and nutritionists. The participants were presented with eleven questions, which were discussed and answered at the workshop, with the aim of summarising the current state of knowledge. The explicatory text accompanying the short answers was produced and agreed on after the conference and was backed up by corresponding references. The therapeutic relevance of administration of the physiological antioxidant vitamin C in high parenteral doses in Endothelial Dependent Pathophysiological Conditions (EDPC) was discussed. Endothelial dysfunction is defined as including disturbed endothelial dependant relaxation of resistance vessels, breakdown of the microvascular endothelial barrier and/or loss of anti-adhesive function. It occurs in severe burn injury, intoxications, acute hyperglycemia, sepsis, trauma, and ischemic-reperfusion tissue injury and is induced by oxidative stress. Reduced plasma ascorbate levels are a hallmark of oxidative stress and occur in severe burns, sepsis, severe trauma, intoxication, chemotherapy/radiotherapy and organ transplantation. Vitamin C directly enhances the activity of nitric oxide synthase, the acyl CoA oxidase system and inhibits the actions of proinflammatory lipids. There is experimental evidence that parenteral high-dose vitamin C restores endothelial function in sepsis. In vitro, supraphysiological concentrations (> 1mM) of ascorbate restore nitric oxide bioavailability and endothelial function. Only parenterally, can enough vitamin C be administered to combat oxidative stress. There is no evidence that parenteral vitamin C exerts prooxidant effects in humans. Theoretical concerns in relation to competitive interactions between vitamin C and glucose cellular uptake are probably only relevant for oxidised vitamin C (dehydroascorbate).
Acute Disease, Acyl-CoA Oxidase, Ascorbic Acid, Burns, Endothelium, Vascular, Glucose, Heart Failure, Humans, Hyperglycemia, Infusions, Parenteral, Myocardial Ischemia, Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III, Oxidative Stress, Poisoning, Reperfusion Injury, Sepsis
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