Bat Flies and Their Microparasites: Current Knowledge and Distribution.

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Ressource 1Télécharger: SventivanyietalFrontiers2019.pdf (2537.28 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_11856F0E9CA5
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Bat Flies and Their Microparasites: Current Knowledge and Distribution.
Périodique
Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Auteur(s)
Szentiványi T., Christe P., Glaizot O.
ISSN
2297-1769 (Print)
ISSN-L
2297-1769
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
6
Pages
115
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Bats are the second most diverse mammalian group, playing keystone roles in ecosystems but also act as reservoir hosts for numerous pathogens. Due to their colonial habits which implies close contacts between individuals, bats are often parasitized by multiple species of micro- and macroparasites. The particular ecology, behavior, and environment of bat species may shape patterns of intra- and interspecific pathogen transmission, as well as the presence of specific vectorial organisms. This review synthetizes information on a multi-level parasitic system: bats, bat flies and their microparasites. Bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae and Streblidae) are obligate, hematophagous ectoparasites of bats consisting of ~500 described species. Diverse parasitic organisms have been detected in bat flies including bacteria, blood parasites, fungi, and viruses, which suggest their vectorial potential. We discuss the ecological epidemiology of microparasites, their potential physiological effects on both bats and bat flies, and potential research perspectives in the domain of bat pathogens. For simplicity, we use the term microparasite throughout this review, yet it remains unclear whether some bacteria are parasites or symbionts of their bat fly hosts.
Mots-clé
bat flies, chiroptera, distribution, microparasite, pathogen
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
02/04/2019 11:45
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:39
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