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A TBP complex essential for transcription from TATA-less but not TATA-containing RNA polymerase III promoters is part of the TFIIIB fraction.
The TATA box-binding protein TBP directs transcription by all three eukaryotic RNA polymerases. In mammalian cells, TBP is found in at least three different complexes: SL1, D-TFIID, and B-TFIID. While SL1 and D-TFIID are involved in RNA polymerase I and II transcription, respectively, no unique function has been assigned to the B-TFIID complex. Here we show that the TFIIIB fraction required for RNA polymerase III transcription contains two separable components, one of which is a TBP-containing complex that may correspond to B-TFIID. For transcription of TATA-less RNA polymerase III genes such as the VAI, 5S, and 7SL genes, this complex cannot be replaced by either TBP alone or the D-TFIID complex. In contrast, TBP alone is active for basal transcription from the TATA-containing U6 promoter. This indicates different requirements for recruiting TBP to TATA-less and TATA-containing RNA polymerase III promoters.
Base Sequence, DNA Polymerase III, DNA-Binding Proteins, DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases, Molecular Sequence Data, Multienzyme Complexes, Promoter Regions, Genetic, TATA-Box Binding Protein, Transcription Factor TFIIIB, Transcription Factors, Transcription, Genetic
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