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Diagnostic Accuracy of Intraocular Tumor Size Measured with MR Imaging in the Prediction of Postlaminar Optic Nerve Invasion and Massive Choroidal Invasion of Retinoblastoma
European Retinoblastoma Imaging Collaboration
1527-1315 (Electronic) 0033-8419 (Linking)
De Jong, Marcus C van der Meer, Fenna J S Goricke, Sophia L Brisse, Herve J Galluzzi, Paolo Maeder, Philippe Sirin, Selma De Francesco, Sonia Sastre-Garau, Xavier Metz, Klaus A Cerase, Alfonso Noij, Daniel P van der Valk, Paul Moll, Annette C Castelijns, Jonas A de Graaf, Pim ENG 2015/12/23 06:00 Radiology. 2015 Dec 19:151213.
Purpose To assess the correlation of intraocular retinoblastoma tumor size measured with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the prediction of histopathologically determined metastatic risk factors (postlaminar optic nerve invasion and massive choroidal invasion). Materials and Methods The ethics committee approved this retrospective multicenter study with a waiver of informed consent. The study population included 370 consecutive patients with retinoblastoma (375 eyes) who underwent baseline MR imaging, followed by primary enucleation from 1993 through 2014. Tumor sizes (maximum diameter and volume) were measured independently by two observers and correlated with histopathologic risk factors. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of tumor size, and areas under the curve were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate potential confounders. Results Receiver operating characteristic analysis of volume and diameter, respectively, yielded areas under the curve of 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.70, 0.85; P < .0001) and 0.78 (95% CI: 0.71, 0.85; P < .0001) for postlaminar optic nerve invasion (n = 375) and 0.67 (95% CI: 0.57, 0.77; P = .0020) and 0.70 (95% CI: 0.59, 0.80; P = .0004) for massive choroidal tumor invasion (n = 219). For the detection of co-occurring massive choroidal invasion and postlaminar optic nerve invasion (n = 219), volume and diameter showed areas under the curve of 0.81 (95% CI: 0.70, 0.91; P = .0032) and 0.83 (95% CI: 0.73, 0.93; P = .0016), respectively. Conclusion Intraocular tumor size shows a strong association with postlaminar optic nerve invasion and a moderate association with massive choroidal invasion. These findings provide diagnostic accuracy measures at different size cutoff levels, which could potentially be useful in a clinical setting, especially within the scope of the increasing use of eye-salvage treatment strategies. (c) RSNA, 2015 Online supplemental material is available for this article.
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