Les préférences alimentaires sont-elles influencées par l'index de masse corporelle, l'âge, le sexe ou le tabac [Are food preferences affected by body mass index, age, sex or tobacco?].

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_10516DC0E957
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Les préférences alimentaires sont-elles influencées par l'index de masse corporelle, l'âge, le sexe ou le tabac [Are food preferences affected by body mass index, age, sex or tobacco?].
Périodique
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Auteur(s)
Laurent-Jaccard A., de Matteis L., Hofstetter J.R., Schutz Y.
ISSN
0036-7672 (Print)
ISSN-L
0036-7672
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
1994
Volume
124
Numéro
45
Pages
2039-2041
Langue
français
Notes
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
In recent decades the percentage of energy derived from dietary fat has increased. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between food taste preferences, BMI, age, gender and smoking habits. A computerized questionnaire using a hedonic scale (range 0 to 8) to quantify the liking for sweet and savoury, lean and fat foods, was filled by 233 adults: 171 normal weight (131 women, 40 men) and 62 overweight subjects (BMI > 25 kg/m2 42 women, 20 men). The majority of the subjects had a general preference for savoury lean food irrespective of their BMI or gender. Similarly, preference for sweet lean food was not influenced by the magnitude of the BMI. In contrast, overweight subjects had a preference for sweet fat food (p = 0.05) as well as for savoury fat food (p < 0.05). At any age or BMI, men preferred sweet fat food (p < 0.01). This was not the case for women. Overweight men over forty preferred savoury fat food, in contrast to overweight women of the same age (p < 0.01). The same difference existed between normal weight smokers and non-smokers. This study demonstrates that fat food preference plays a potential role in the development of obesity.
Mots-clé
Adult, Age Factors, Body Mass Index, Dietary Fats/metabolism, Female, Food Preferences, Humans, Male, Obesity/metabolism, Sex Factors, Smoking
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
21/01/2008 14:07
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 13:47
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