Version: Final published version
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Jeunes filles scoliotiques et orthopédie a la Belle Epoque: l'essor urbain de la mécanothérapie a Lausanne et Genève [Scoliotic young girls and orthopaedics in Belle Epoque: the urban surge of mecanotherapy in Lausanne and Geneva].
Publication types: Publication Status: ppublish
In Belle Epoque towns marked by the industrial and medical surge, a new technical therapy, called mechanotherapy, emerged, stemming from Swedish medical gymnastics and auxiliary to orthopaedics. Aiming mostly at treating scoliosis, this therapy by movement attracted a sizeable female clientele to these towns, because of the hygienic and social conceptions feeding collective imagination linked to the bodies of scoliotic young girls. Taking the French-speaking Swiss towns of Lausanne and Geneva as examples, the article first seeks to describe the emergence of mechanotherapy as a medical and urban phenomenon. It then addresses the role played by scoliosis in this orthopaedic practice, and examines the clientele attracted to the towns, among which well-born young girls seem to be predominant.
UI="D002648">Child, UI="D005260">Female, UI="D049672">History, 19th Century, UI="D049673">History, 20th Century, UI="D006801">Humans, UI="D009985">Orthopedics/UI="Q000266">history, UI="D009985">Orthopedics/UI="Q000379">methods, UI="D012600">Scoliosis/UI="Q000628">therapy, UI="D012923">Social Class, Type="Geographic" UI="D013557">Switzerland, UI="D014504">Urban Health/UI="Q000266">history
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