Article: article from journal or magazin.
Activation of HTLV-I transcription in the presence of Tax is independent of the acetylation of CREB-2 (ATF-4).
We have previously demonstrated that the bZIP transcription factor CREB-2, also called ATF-4, trans-activates, in association with the viral protein Tax, the human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) promoter. In this study, we have examined whether CREB-2 acetylation affects transcriptional activation mediated by Tax. We present evidence that CREB-2 is acetylated in vitro and in vivo. CREB-2 is acetylated in two regions: the basic domain of the bZIP (from amino acid residue 270 to 300) and the short basic domain (from 342 to 351) located downstream from the bZIP. We also demonstrate that CREB-2 is acetylated by p300/CBP but not by p/CAF. Moreover, replacement of lysine by arginine in the basic domains decreases the trans-activating capacity of CREB-2. However, in the presence of Tax, the HTLV-I transcription remains fully activated by these CREB-2 mutants. Although we cannot totally exclude that the mutations could also affect CREB-2 structure and activity independent of acetylation, our results suggest that activation of the viral promoter in the presence of Tax is independent of the CREB-2 acetylation.
Acetylation, Activating Transcription Factor 4, Amino Acid Sequence, Gene Products, tax/physiology, Human T-lymphotropic virus 1/genetics, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Nuclear Proteins/physiology, Trans-Activators/physiology, Transcription Factors/chemistry, Transcription Factors/metabolism, Transcriptional Activation
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