Genetic consequences of population expansions and contractions in the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) since the Late Pleistocene.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_0EE769371E3D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Genetic consequences of population expansions and contractions in the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) since the Late Pleistocene.
Périodique
Molecular Ecology
Auteur(s)
Stoffel C., Dufresnes C., Okello J.B., Noirard C., Joly P., Nyakaana S., Muwanika V.B., Alcala N., Vuilleumier S., Siegismund H.R., Fumagalli L.
ISSN
1365-294X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0962-1083
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
24
Numéro
10
Pages
2507-2520
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Over the past two decades, an increasing amount of phylogeographic work has substantially improved our understanding of African biogeography, in particular the role played by Pleistocene pluvial-drought cycles on terrestrial vertebrates. However, still little is known on the evolutionary history of semi-aquatic animals, which faced tremendous challenges imposed by unpredictable availability of water resources. In this study, we investigate the Late Pleistocene history of the common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence variation and range-wide sampling. We documented a global demographic and spatial expansion approximately 0.1-0.3 Myr ago, most likely associated with an episode of massive drainage overflow. These events presumably enabled a historical continent-wide gene flow among hippopotamus populations, and hence, no clear continental-scale genetic structuring remains. Nevertheless, present-day hippopotamus populations are genetically disconnected, probably as a result of the mid-Holocene aridification and contemporary anthropogenic pressures. This unique pattern contrasts with the biogeographic paradigms established for savannah-adapted ungulate mammals and should be further investigated in other water-associated taxa. Our study has important consequences for the conservation of the hippo, an emblematic but threatened species that requires specific protection to curtail its long-term decline.
Mots-clé
climate change, conservation genetics, phylogeography, population genetics, sub-Saharan Africa
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
19/03/2015 12:31
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 13:43
Données d'usage