Cross-sectional study assessing the addition of contrast sensitivity to visual acuity when testing for fitness to drive.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_0EA601D1D68D
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Cross-sectional study assessing the addition of contrast sensitivity to visual acuity when testing for fitness to drive.
Périodique
BMJ open
Auteur(s)
Spreng L., Favrat B., Borruat F.X., Vaucher P.
ISSN
2044-6055 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2044-6055
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
26/01/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Numéro
1
Pages
e018546
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
The aim of this study is to quantify the importance of loss of contrast sensitivity (CS) and its relationship to loss of visual acuity (VA), driving restrictions and daytime, on-road driving evaluations in drivers aged 70+.
A predictive cross-sectional study.
Volunteer participants to a drivers' refresher course for adults aged 70+ delivered by the Swiss Automobile Club in western Switzerland from 2011 to 2013.
162 drivers, male and female, aged 70 years or older.
We used a vision screener to estimate VA and the The Mars Letter Contrast Sensitivity Test to test CS.
We asked drivers to report whether they found five driving restrictions useful for their condition; restrict driving to known roads, avoid driving on highways, avoid driving in the dark, avoid driving in dense traffic and avoid driving in fog. All participants also underwent a standardised on-road evaluation carried out by a driving instructor.
Moderate to severe loss of CS for at least one eye was frequent (21.0% (95% CI 15.0% to 28.1%)) and often isolated from a loss of VA (11/162 cases had a VA ≥0.8 decimal and a CS of ≤1.5 log(CS); 6.8% (95% CI 3.4% to 11.8%)). Drivers were more likely (R <sup>2</sup> =0.116, P=0.004) to report a belief that self-imposed driving restrictions would be useful if they had reduced CS in at least one eye. Daytime evaluation of driving performance seems limited in its ability to correctly identify difficulties related to CS loss (VA: R <sup>2</sup> =0.004, P=0.454; CS: R <sup>2</sup> =0.006, P=0.332).
CS loss is common for older drivers. Screening CS and referring for cataract surgery even in the absence of VA loss could help maintain mobility. Reduced CS and moderate reduction of VA were both poor predictors of daytime on-road driving performances in this research study.
Mots-clé
ageing, automobile driving, contrast sensitivity, vision screening
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
30/01/2018 8:50
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:35
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