Article: article from journal or magazin.
NALP3 is not necessary for early protection against experimental tuberculosis.
In vitro, Toll-like receptors (TLR)2, 4 and 9 as well as NOD-like receptor 2 critically determine macrophage responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. However, in low-dose experimental murine tuberculosis, single or multiple deficiencies in TLRs 2, 4, 9 or NOD2 have little, if any, impact on early mycobacterial growth containment, granuloma formation and survival. Here, we analyzed the relevance of NALP3, one component of the danger-signaling inflammasome, for (i) Mtb-induced cytokine secretion in vitro and in vivo, (ii) restriction of Mtb replication in infected organs and (iii) granuloma formation. In the absence of functional NALP3, there was no IL-1beta and IL-18 production in Mtb-infected dendritic cells and macrophages in vitro, whereas secretion of IL-1alpha, IL-12p40 and TNF remained unaffected. After three weeks of infection, NALP3-deficient as well as IL-18-deficient mice were as capable as wildtype mice of restricting Mtb loads at a plateau level within well-differentiated granulomas. In conclusion, despite its involvement in cytokine processing, NALP3 is not essential for induction of protective immunity to Mtb.
Tuberculosis, Innate immunity, NOD-like receptor, Interleukin-18, Granuloma
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