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Induction in transgenic mice of HLA-A2.1-restricted cytotoxic T cells specific for a peptide sequence from a mutated p21ras protein.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology
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Cytotoxic T cells (CTL) recognize short peptides that are derived from the proteolysis of endogenous cellular proteins and presented on the cell surface as a complex with MHC class I molecules. CTL can recognize single amino acid substitutions in proteins, including those involved in malignant transformation. The mutated sequence of an oncogene may be presented on the cell surface as a peptide, and thus represents a potential target antigen for tumour therapy. The p21ras gene is mutated in a wide variety of tumours and since the transforming mutations result in amino acid substitutions at positions 12, 13 and 61 of the protein, a limited number of ras peptides could potentially be used in the treatment of a wide variety of malignancies. A common substitution is Val for Gly at position 12 of p21ras. In this study, we show that the peptide sequence from position 5 to position 14 with Val at position 12-ras p5-14 (Val-12)-has a motif which allows it to bind to HLA-A2.1. HLA-A2.1-restricted ras p5-14 (Val-12)-specific CTL were induced in mice transgenic for both HLA-A2.1 and human beta2-microglobulin after in vivo priming with the peptide. The murine CTL could recognize the ras p5-14 (Val-12) peptide when they were presented on both murine and human target cells bearing HLA-A2.1. No cross-reactivity was observed with the native peptide ras p5-14 (Gly-12), and this peptide was not immunogenic in HLA-A2.1 transgenic mice. This represents an interesting model for the study of an HLA-restricted CD8 cytotoxic T cell response to a defined tumour antigen in vivo.
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Binding, Competitive, Cell Line, HLA-A2 Antigen/physiology, Humans, Immunophenotyping, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Inbred CBA, Mice, Transgenic, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Peptide Fragments/immunology, Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/immunology, T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunology
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