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The different types of internal hernia after laparoscopic Roux-En-Y gastric by-bass for morbid obesity : MDCT features : P5
Titre de la conférence
SGR-SSR 2009, 96th Annual Swiss Congress of Radiology
Geneva, Switzerland, June 4-6, 2009
Date de publication
Swiss Medical Forum = Forum Médical Suisse
Purpose: 1. To provide an overview of the different types of internal hernia (IH) occurring after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) performed for morbid obesity. 2. To describe the correspondent MDCT features in relation with the underlying anatomical landmarks in order to differentiate their localisation and to direct the surgeon during following laparoscopic closure of mesenteric defects. Methods and materials: LRYGBP performed for morbid obesity is associated with less perioperative complications, shorter hospital stay and a more rapid recovery compared with the open surgical procedure. However, a relatively high incidence of IH is seen that may be due to the laparoscopic approach, but also caused by rapid weight loss with consecutive loosening of the mesenteric sutures. Results: After briefly reviewing the surgical procedure of LRYGBP (ante- versus retrocolic) we describe the exact anatomical landmarks of the different types of IH occurring at any time after operation: They are caused by surgical defects either at the level of the transverse colon mesentery, at the Petersen's space, which represents an opening between the mesocolon and jejunal mesentery, or at the enteroenterostomy site. Typical MDCT features of each IH type in axial and coronal plane as well as targeted vascular reconstructions are demonstrated. Conclusion: Exact knowledge about underlying pathophysiology and anatomical landmarks is essential for distinguishing the different types of IH occurring after LRYGBP on MDCT, since radiological features are difficult to recognize and may even overlap. The radiologist should be aware of the potential anatomic sites to ensure subsequent straightforward laparoscopic exploration.
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