The analgesic efficacy of transverse abdominis plane block versus epidural analgesia: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_0C8A05A580E8
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The analgesic efficacy of transverse abdominis plane block versus epidural analgesia: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
Périodique
Medicine
Auteur(s)
Baeriswyl M., Zeiter F., Piubellini D., Kirkham K.R., Albrecht E.
ISSN
1536-5964 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0025-7974
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
97
Numéro
26
Pages
e11261
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Meta-Analysis ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The aim of the study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of epidural analgesia and transverse abdominis plane (TAP) block. TAP block has gained popularity to provide postoperative analgesia after abdominal surgery but its advantage over epidural analgesia is disputed.
We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement guidelines. Only trials comparing TAP block with epidural analgesia were included. The primary outcome was pain score at rest (analog scale, 0-10) on postoperative day 1 analyzed in subgroups according to the population (children and adults). Secondary outcomes included rate of hypotension, length of stay, and functional outcomes (time to first bowel sound, time to first flatus).
Ten controlled trials, including 505 patients (195 children and 310 adults), were identified. Pain scores at rest on postoperative day 1 were equivalent for TAP block and epidural analgesia groups in children (mean difference: 0.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.1 to 0.6; I = 0%; P = .15) and in adults (mean difference: 0.5; 95% CI: -0.1 to 1.0; I = 81%; P = .10). The quality of evidence for our primary outcome was moderate according to the GRADE system. The epidural analgesia group experienced a higher rate of hypotension (relative risk: 0.13; 95% CI: 0.04-0.38; I = 0%; P = .0002), while hospital length of stay was shorter in the TAP block group (mean difference: -0.6 days; 95% CI: -0.9 to -0.3 days; I = 0%; P < .0001), without impact on functional outcomes.
There is moderate evidence that TAP block and epidural analgesia are equally effective in treating postoperative pain in both pediatric and adult patients, while TAP block is associated with fewer episodes of hypotension and reduced length of stay.
Mots-clé
Abdominal Muscles, Adult, Analgesia, Epidural/adverse effects, Analgesia, Epidural/methods, Child, Child, Preschool, Humans, Hypotension/epidemiology, Hypotension/etiology, Infant, Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data, Nerve Block/adverse effects, Nerve Block/methods, Pain Measurement, Pain, Postoperative/therapy, Treatment Outcome
Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
05/08/2018 15:55
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 13:34
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