Article: article from journal or magazin.
Intratumor genetic heterogeneity in advanced human colorectal adenocarcinoma
International Journal of Cancer
PT - Journal Article PT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Colorectal carcinogenesis is widely accepted as one of the best-characterized examples of stepwise progression. The existing colorectal carcinogenesis model assumes genetic homogeneity of individual tumors for the main known genetic alterations: K-ras and p53 genes point mutations and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of chromosome 5q and 18q. The object of the present study was to demonstrate the existence of an intratumor genetic heterogeneity in advanced sporadic colorectal carcinoma for these genetic alterations. Using improved tissue microdissection and DNA extraction, for each tumor, amplifiable DNA was obtained from 15 to 20 areas, of which 1 to 2 concerned lymph node metastases (LNM). This study revealed that 10 of 15 (67%) analyzed tumors were heterogeneous for at least 1 genetic alteration, with between 2 and 6 genotypically different clones detected per tumor. No correlation was observed between the genotype of these subclones and histological differentiation or invasive propensity. Intratumor heterogeneity was more frequently observed for LOH than for point mutations, 67% and 58% for LOH at APC and DCC locus, and 20% for mutation of either the K-ras or p53 gene. In 5 of the 9 (56%) heterogeneous cases with available LNM, the genotype observed in the LNM was different from that of the main clone in the primary tumor, and moreover, 2 of the LNM displayed a genotype undetected in the primary tumor. In conclusion, intratumor genetic heterogeneity was demonstrated in advanced sporadic colorectal carcinoma and was represented as topographically distinct genotypic subclones. Taking into account such a significant genetic heterogeneity of colorectal tumors, the use of genetic markers for prognosis management should be reconsidered
Adenocarcinoma/genetics/Chromosomes,Human,Pair 18/Chromosomes,Human,Pair 5/Colorectal Neoplasms/DNA Primers/chemistry/Disease Progression/Genes,Apc/Genes,Dcc/Genetic Heterogeneity/Humans/Loss of Heterozygosity/Microsatellite Repeats/Mutation/Polymerase Chain Reaction/Polymorphism,Single-Stranded Conformational/Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/Variation (Genetics)
Web of science
Last modification date