Fructose Metabolism and Exercise: Physiological Applications and Limitations

Détails

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Etat: Serval
Version: Après imprimatur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_0B79F131EB90
Type
Thèse: thèse de doctorat.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Fructose Metabolism and Exercise: Physiological Applications and Limitations
Auteur(s)
Rosset Robin
Directeur(s)
Tappy Luc
Institution
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Adresse
Département de Physiologie
Rue du Bugnon 7A
1005 Lausanne
Statut éditorial
Acceptée
Date de publication
13/07/2017
Langue
anglais
Nombre de pages
142
Résumé
Fructose has gained renewed interest for its suspected role in cardiometabolic diseases and as a performance enhancer in sports nutrition. Both are related to fructose metabolism in the liver resulting in no plasma glucose or insulin peaks, but causing postprandial hyperlactatemia and hypertriglyceridemia. The general aim of this work was to further investigate fructose metabolism and to find potential new applications of fructose that may improve performance.
In a first experimental study, we evaluated how fructose metabolism is modulated by an exercise session performed before or after fructose ingestion. Although confirming that fructose is extensively oxidized during exercise, our results also showed that fructose metabolism was largely unaltered when ingested during recovery. In a second study, we used fructose in mixed-meals provided for 24 h postexercise to specifically favor muscle energy storage and subsequent exercise performance. Compared to an isocaloric control, fructose did however not further improve muscle recovery, and fructose impaired whole-body glycogen storage and subsequent exercise performance. In a third study, we investigated the effects of glucose-fructose ingestion during training sessions on lactate metabolism, at rest and during exercise, pre-training and post-training. Interestingly, training with glucose-fructose increased lactate production, consumption and oxidation at rest but not during exercise, and an important part of lactate was directed to non-oxidative fates in all conditions.
Altogether, the present results indicate an ambivalent role of fructose, efficient to fuel muscle work, but inefficient during postexercise recovery. This may be largely due to fructose conversion into lactate, furnishing an alternative fuel during exercise that however needs to be stored for an extra energy cost in resting times. In turn, this “reverse Cori cycle” may represent an important mechanism by which fructose effects are matched to physical activity.
Mots-clé
Fructose, Exercise, Lactate, Metabolism, Muscle, Energy
Création de la notice
21/07/2017 13:35
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 13:36
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