Article: article from journal or magazin.
A novel device for reducing hemolysis provoked by cardiotomy suction during open heart cardiopulmonary bypass surgery: a randomized prospective study.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial - Publication Status: ppublish
Since the inception of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), little progress has been made concerning the design of cardiotomy suction (CS). Because this is a major source of hemolysis, we decided to test a novel device (Smartsuction [SS]) specifically aimed at minimizing hemolysis during CPB in a clinical setting. Block randomization was carried out on a treated group (SS, n=28) and a control group (CTRL, n=26). Biochemical parameters were taken pre-, peri-, and post CPB and were compared between the two groups using the Student's t-test with statistical significance when P<0.05. No significant differences in patient demographics were observed between the two groups. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and plasma free hemoglobin (PFH) pre-CPB were comparable for the CTRL and SS groups, respectively. LDH peri-CPB was 275+/-100 U/L versus 207+/-83 U/L for the CTRL and SS groups, respectively (P<0.05). PFH was 486+/-204 mg/L versus 351+/-176 mg/L for the CTRL and SS groups, respectively (P<0.05). LDH post CPB was 354+/-116 U/L versus 275+/-89 U/L for the CTRL and SS groups, respectively (P<0.05). PFH was 549+/-271 mg/L versus 460+/-254 mg/L for the CTRL and SS groups, respectively (P<0.05). Preoperative hematocrit (Hct) of 43+/-5% (CTRL) versus 37+/-5% (SS), and hemoglobin (Hb) of 141+/-16 g/L (CTRL) versus 122+/-17 g/L (SS) were significantly lower in the SS group. However, when normalized (N), the SS was capable of conserving Hct, Hb, and erythrocyte count perioperatively. Erythrocytes (N) were 59+/-5% (CTRL) versus 67+/-9% (SS); Hct (N) was 59+/-6% (CTRL) versus 68+/-9% (SS), and Hb (N) was 61+/-6% (CTRL) versus 70+/-10% (SS) (all P<0.05). This novel SS device evokes significantly lowered blood PFH and LDH values peri- and post CPB compared with the CTRL blood using a CS system. The SS may be a valuable alternative compared to traditional CS techniques.
Cardiac Surgical Procedures, Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Female, Heart-Lung Machine, Hemolysis, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, Prospective Studies, Suction
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