Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
An adapted model of ex vivo vein perfusion: the key to understand vessel wall remodeling
Title of the conference
99th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Davos, Switzerland, June 20-22, 2012
British Journal of Surgery
Document Type: Meeting Abstract
Objective: Saphenous vein graft bypass remains the salvage option when¦endovascular procedure has failed or was contraindicated due to extensive¦occlusive lesions. However, pathological wall remodeling leading leading to¦graft failure is one of the most limiting factors of this therapy. Therefore, the¦understanding of this remodeling process of human vein is essential to the design¦of future effective therapeutics and it requires an adapted model of ex-vivo vein¦perfusion.¦Methods: We have developed an ex vivo vein support system (EVVSS), which¦uses standardized and controlled hemodynamic parameters for the pulsatile¦perfusion of saphenous vein segments. The morphological and molecular¦parameters involved in the remodeling process under an arterial shear stress¦associated to low (7 mm Hg) or high (70 mm Hg) pressure conditions can be¦analyzed.¦Results: Histomorphometric analysis showed that the vein segments perfused¦during 7 days under high pressure undergo a significant neointima development¦compared to veins exposed to low pressure conditions. The application of an¦arterial shear stress in the vein under low pressure induced an elevation of the¦MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression, activity and transcription. The application of¦higher pressure is associated to increased MMP2 expression and transcription¦and MMP9 transcription. TIMP1 expression and transcription were initiated by¦the application of an arterial shear stress but not modified by the modification¦of the pressure. However, TIMP2 expression was increased under high¦pressure conditions but its transcription was inhibited by arterial shear stress,¦independently of the pressure. The values of transcription and expression of¦PAI-1 were not modified by high pressure. Eph-B4 transcription and expression¦were significantly decreased under arterial shear stress.¦Conclusion: These data show that our EVVSS is a valuable setting to study¦ex vivo remodeling of human saphenous veins submitted to arterial conditions.¦The intimal hyperplasia as well as MMP 2, 9 and TIMP 2 seem to be influenced¦by the pressure.
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