Article: article from journal or magazin.
Estimates of radiation-absorbed dose to kidneys in patients treated with 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan.
Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
The aim of the present study was to retrospectively estimate the absorbed dose to kidneys in 17 patients treated in clinical practice with 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, using appropriate dosimetric approaches available. METHODS: The single-view effective point source method, including background subtraction, is used for planar quantification of renal activity. Since the high uptake in the liver affects the activity estimate in the right kidney, the dose to the left kidney serves as a surrogate for the dose to both kidneys. Calculation of absorbed dose is based on the Medical Internal Radiation Dose methodology with adjustment for patient kidney mass. RESULTS: The median dose to kidneys, based on the left kidney only, is 2.1 mGy/MBq (range, 0.92-4.4), whereas a value of 2.5 mGy/MBq (range, 1.5-4.7) is obtained, considering the activity in both kidneys. CONCLUSIONS: Irrespective of the method, doses to kidneys obtained in the present study were about 10 times higher than the median dose of 0.22 mGy/MBq (range, 0.00-0.95) were originally reported from the study leading to Food and Drug Administration approval. Our results are in good agreement with kidney-dose estimates recently reported from high-dose myeloablative therapy with 90Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan.
Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology, Body Weight, Female, Humans, Kidney/radionuclide imaging, Kinetics, Neoplasms/radiotherapy, Radiation Dosage, Radioimmunotherapy/methods, Radiometry/methods, Retrospective Studies, Time Factors, Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods, Whole Body Imaging, Yttrium Radioisotopes/pharmacology
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