Article: article from journal or magazin.
Mass spectrometry as a rapid and powerful alternative to antibodies for detecting LPXTG wall-associated proteins of Staphylococcus aureus
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Functional characterization of transformed or natively present bacterial virulence proteins can be achieved employing various model systems. A prerequisite is to verify the correct expression of the transformed protein or the presence of the native protein in the microbe. Traditionally, antibodies are raised against the protein or a peptide thereof, followed by Western blot analysis or by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Alternatively, the protein-coding gene can be fused with a downstream reporter gene, the expression of which reports the simultaneous expression of the upstream recombinant protein. Although being powerful, these methods are time consuming, especially when multiple proteins must be assessed. Here we describe a novel way to validate the expression of Gram-positive surface proteins covalently attached to the peptidoglycan. Eighteen out of the 21 known LPXTG-motif carrying cell wall-associated proteins of Staphylococcus aureus were cloned in Lactoccocus lactis either alone, in combinations or as truncated forms, and their correct expression was assessed by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The method is rapid, sensitive and precise. It can identify multiple proteins in transformed constructs without the time and cost needed for raising and testing multiple sets of antibodies.
liquid chromatography, LPXTG motif, mass spectrometry, recombinant protein, Staphylococcus aureus
Web of science
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