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MARCKS-related protein (MRP) is a substrate for the Leishmania major surface protease leishmanolysin (gp63).
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) and MARCKS-related protein (MRP; MacMARCKS) are protein kinase C substrates in diverse cell types. Activation of murine macrophages by cytokines increases MRP expression, but infection with Leishmania promastigotes during activation results in MRP depletion. We therefore examined the effect of Leishmania major LV39 on recombinant MRP. Both live promastigotes and a soluble fraction of LV39 lysates degraded MRP to yield lower molecular weight fragments. Degradation was independent of MRP myristoylation and was inhibited by protein kinase C-dependent phosphorylation of MRP. MRP was similarly degraded by purified leishmanolysin (gp63), a Leishmania surface metalloprotease. Degradation was evident at low enzyme/substrate ratios, over a broad pH range, and was inhibited by 1,10-phenanthroline and by a hydroxamate dipeptide inhibitor of leishmanolysin. Using mass spectrometric analysis, cleavage was shown to occur within the effector domain of MRP between Ser(92) and Phe(93), in accordance with the substrate specificity of leishmanolysin. Moreover, an MRP construct in which the effector domain had been deleted was resistant to cleavage. Thus, Leishmania infection may result in leishmanolysin-dependent hydrolysis of MRP, a major protein kinase C substrate in macrophages.
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Hydrolysis, Leishmania major/enzymology, Mass Spectrometry, Membrane Proteins/metabolism, Metalloendopeptidases/chemistry, Metalloendopeptidases/metabolism, Molecular Sequence Data, Protozoan Proteins/metabolism, Substrate Specificity
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