Population pharmacokinetic study to evaluate dosing strategies of imipenem in neonates and infants

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_08604FD033C0
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Population pharmacokinetic study to evaluate dosing strategies of imipenem in neonates and infants
Titre de la conférence
24th Population Approach Group in Europe (PAGE) Meeting
Auteur(s)
Fuchs A., Giannoni E., Guidi M., Decosterd L.A., Marchetti O., Pfister M., Widmer N., Buclin T., Csajka C.
Adresse
Crete, Greece, June 2-5, 2015
ISBN
1871-6032
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
24
Série
PAGE. Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the Population Approach Group in Europe
Pages
Abstr. 3505
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Objective: Imipenem is a broad spectrum antibiotic used to treat severe infections in critically ill patients. Imipenem pharmacokinetics (PK) was evaluated in a cohort of neonates treated in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Lausanne University Hospital. The objective of our study was to identify key demographic and clinical factors influencing imipenem exposure in this population.
Method: PK data from neonates and infants with at least one imipenem concentration measured between 2002 and 2013 were analyzed applying population PK modeling methods. Measurement of plasma concentrations were performed upon the decision of the physician within the frame of a therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) programme. Effects of demographic (sex, body weight, gestational age, postnatal age) and clinical factors (serum creatinine as a measure of kidney function; co-administration of furosemide, spironolactone, hydrochlorothiazide, vancomycin, metronidazole and erythromycin) on imipenem PK were explored. Model-based simulations were performed (with a median creatinine value of 46 μmol/l) to compare various dosing regimens with respect to their ability to maintain drug levels above predefined minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) for at least 40 % of the dosing interval.
Results: A total of 144 plasma samples was collected in 68 neonates and infants, predominantly preterm newborns, with median gestational age of 27 weeks (24 - 41 weeks) and postnatal age of 21 days (2 - 153 days). A two-compartment model best characterized imipenem disposition. Actual body weight exhibited the greatest impact on PK parameters, followed by age (gestational age and postnatal age) and serum creatinine on clearance. They explain 19%, 9%, 14% and 9% of the interindividual variability in clearance respectively. Model-based simulations suggested that 15 mg/kg every 12 hours maintain drug concentrations over a MIC of 2 mg/l for at least 40% of the dosing interval during the first days of life, whereas neonates older than 14 days of life required a dose of 20 mg/kg every 12 hours.
Conclusion: Dosing strategies based on body weight and post-natal age are recommended for imipenem in all critically ill neonates and infants. Most current guidelines seem adequate for newborns and TDM should be restricted to some particular clinical situations.
Création de la notice
09/07/2015 9:42
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 13:29
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