Gender biases in (inter)action: The role of interviewers' and applicants' implicit and explicit stereotypes in predicting women's job interview outcomes

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_0854B9DDD3CD
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Gender biases in (inter)action: The role of interviewers' and applicants' implicit and explicit stereotypes in predicting women's job interview outcomes
Périodique
Psychology of Women Quarterly
Auteur(s)
Latu I.M., Schmid Mast M., Stewart T.
ISSN
0361-6843
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
39
Numéro
4
Pages
539-552
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Although explicit stereotypes of women in the workplace have become increasingly positive, negative stereotypes persist at an implicit level, with women being more likely associated with incompetent-and men with competent-managerial traits. Drawing upon work on self-fulfilling prophecies and interracial interactions, we investigated whether and how implicit and explicit gender stereotypes held by both male interviewers and female applicants predicted women's interview outcomes. Thirty male interviewers conducted mock job interviews with 30 female applicants. Before the interview, we measured interviewers' and applicants' implicit and explicit gender stereotypes. The interviewers' and applicants' implicit stereotypes independently predicted external evaluations of the performance of female applicants. Whereas female applicants' higher implicit stereotypes directly predicted lower performance, male interviewers' implicit stereotypes indirectly impaired female applicants' performance through lower evaluations by the interviewer and lower self-evaluations by the applicant. Moreover, having an interviewer who was at the same time high in implicit and low in explicit stereotypes predicted the lowest performance of female applicants. Our findings highlight the importance of taking into account both implicit and explicit gender stereotypes in mixed-gender interactions and point to ways to reduce the negative effects of gender stereotypes in job interviews. Additional online materials for this article are available to PWQ subscribers on PWQ's website at http://pwq.sagepub.com/supplemental.
Mots-clé
Stereotyped attitudes, Sex role attitudes, Employment discrimination, Job performance, Self-fulfilling prophecies
Web of science
Création de la notice
09/06/2015 15:30
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 13:29
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