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Sentinel nodes and and non sentinel nodes evaluation in T1 melanoma patients
Titre de la conférence
98th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Geneva, Switzerland, May 25-27, 2011
Date de publication
British Journal of Surgery
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objective: Because increasing incidence of melanoma and dermatologicsystematic screening, more early superficial melanoma are discovered in Switzerland. Patients with Breslow index more than 1 mm. (T2) represent the classical indication to sentinel node (SN). It has been shown that some ''risky'' T1 patients may have micrometastatic SNs. T1b melanoma are defined by presence of ulceration,Clark IV (ormore) level, signs of melanoma regression (old classification) and high mitotic index (new TNM). The objective of the present study was to review the incidence and risk for metastatic SN in T1 patients and if radical lymph node dissection is justified (evaluation of non sentinel node [NSN]) compared with T2-4 patients.Methods: Retrospective review of a cohort of all patients operated for T1-4 clinically N0 and radiological M0 melanoma patients between 1997 and 2010 in a reference melanoma centre.Results: 599 melanoma patients have been operated with SNdissection. There were 98 T1 patients. Metastatic SN were observed in 2 out of 24 T1a patients and in 5 out of 74 T1b patients. This means overall 7% T1 patients were at least N1a. None of SN+ T1a or T1b patients had metastatic NSN after radical lymph node dissections (RLND). During the follow-up (1998-2010), no patients presented with locoregional disease and only one T1a N1a patient died of metastatic melanoma. These results contrast with the other 591 T2-4 patients: 150 were SN+ (25%) and among them 23 had metastatic NSN after RLND. Overall 23/136 (17%) had metastatic NSN.Conclusion: T1 melanoma patients are at significant risk (7%) for metastatic lymph node in the corresponding drainage basin. T1a and T1b did not differ regarding this risk. However, the benefit for a RLND must be reevaluated regarding surgical morbidity, because none of T1 patients had metastatic NSN.
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