Article: article from journal or magazin.
L'ultrasonographie endorectale dans les cancers du rectum [Endorectal ultrasound of rectal cancers].
Helvetica Chirurgica Acta
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Endorectal ultrasonography has become the preferred exam to assess the local extent of rectal cancers. From 1990 to 1992, we have examined 28 patients with a rectal cancer. The tumours were classified according to the TNM. The objective of this exam is to identify patients whose tumours have invaded the perirectal fat. These patients are first treated in our clinic by an accelerated hyperfractionated radiotherapy and then operated. The preoperative staging made with the endorectal ultrasound was then compared with the anatomopathologic staging. The depth of the invasion was assessed precisely in 78.5% of cases. The exam's sensitivity to detect the invasion of the perirectal fat was 96% and its specificity 75%. Lymph node involvement was accurately identified in 67.8% of cases with a sensitivity of 81% and a specificity of 50%. This short retrospective study confirms that endorectal ultrasonography is a highly accurate tool for the staging of rectal carcinoma prior to operation and hence to select the patients that can benefit from preoperative irradiation.
Adenocarcinoma/pathology, Adenocarcinoma/ultrasonography, Aged, Female, Humans, Lymph Nodes/pathology, Lymph Nodes/ultrasonography, Lymphatic Metastasis, Male, Neoplasm Invasiveness, Neoplasm Staging, Rectal Neoplasms/pathology, Rectal Neoplasms/ultrasonography, Rectum/pathology
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