Imaging findings in fetal diaphragmatic abnormalities.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_06BB0D6545CE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Imaging findings in fetal diaphragmatic abnormalities.
Périodique
Pediatric Radiology
Auteur(s)
Alamo L., Gudinchet F., Meuli R.
ISSN
1432-1998 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0301-0449
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
45
Numéro
13
Pages
1887-1900
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Imaging plays a key role in the detection of a diaphragmatic pathology in utero. US is the screening method, but MRI is increasingly performed. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is by far the most often diagnosed diaphragmatic pathology, but unilateral or bilateral eventration or paralysis can also be identified. Extralobar pulmonary sequestration can be located in the diaphragm and, exceptionally, diaphragmatic tumors or secondary infiltration of the diaphragm from tumors originating from an adjacent organ have been observed in utero. Congenital abnormalities of the diaphragm impair normal lung development. Prenatal imaging provides a detailed anatomical evaluation of the fetus and allows volumetric lung measurements. The comparison of these data with those from normal fetuses at the same gestational age provides information about the severity of pulmonary hypoplasia and improves predictions about the fetus's outcome. This information can help doctors and families to make decisions about management during pregnancy and after birth. We describe a wide spectrum of congenital pathologies of the diaphragm and analyze their embryological basis. Moreover, we describe their prenatal imaging findings with emphasis on MR studies, discuss their differential diagnosis and evaluate the limits of imaging methods in predicting postnatal outcome.
Mots-clé
Diagnosis, Differential, Diagnostic Imaging, Diaphragm/abnormalities, Female, Fetal Diseases/diagnosis, Humans, Lung/abnormalities, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Pregnancy, Prenatal Diagnosis, Ultrasonography, Prenatal
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
03/01/2016 16:22
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:28
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