Article: article from journal or magazin.
Predictive factors in locally advanced rectal cancer treated with preoperative hyperfractionated and accelerated radiotherapy
PT - Journal Article
This study examines the prognostic significance of pathologic factors in patients with primary locally advanced rectal cancer treated prospectively with preoperative radiotherapy. From 1992 to 1998, 104 patients with rectal cancer of grades T3 or T4 and any N underwent preoperative radiotherapy followed by surgical resection. Survival curves were estimated according to the Kaplan-Meier method. Correlation of outcome with clinicopathologic variables (pathologic tumor and lymph node staging, histology, radial resection margin [RRM], clearance, vessel involvement, and tumor regression grade [TRG], quantitated in 5 grades) was evaluated using the Cox proportional hazards model. None of the patients achieved a histologically confirmed complete pathologic response, but 79% of the patients showed partial tumor regression (TRG2-4) and 21% did not show any tumor regression (TRG5). Among the tumors, 22% were of a mucinous type. The RRM was free of tumor in 76% of the surgical specimens. The median clearance was 2 mm. Vascular invasion was present in 37 cases (36%). In the univariate analysis, lymph node metastases, absence of tumor regression, positive RRM, and vascular invasion were correlated with adverse overall survival and disease-free survival; absence of tumor regression, positive RRM, and clearance <2 mm were correlated with local recurrences; and advanced pT stage was correlated only with disease-free survival. However, in the multivariate analysis, only lymph node metastases and RRM were independent prognostic factors for overall survival and disease-free survival, and clearance <2 mm was an independent prognostic factor for local control. Pathologic parameters remain strong determinants of local recurrence and survival in locally advanced rectal cancer, treated preoperatively with hyperfractionated and accelerated radiotherapy. We show that patients with advanced pT, positive lymph nodes, vascular invasion, positive RRM, clearance <2 mm, or absence of tumor regression are known to have poor clinical outcome
Adult/Aged/Aged,80 and over/Carcinoma/radiotherapy/secondary/surgery/Combined Modality Therapy/Disease-Free Survival/Dose Fractionation/Female/Humans/Male/Middle Aged/Neoplasm Invasiveness/Neoplasm Recurrence,Local/Predictive Value of Tests/Proportional Hazards Models/Rectal Neoplasms/Pathology/Survival Analysis/Treatment Outcome
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