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Consequences of the multipatient use of a single-patient capillary blood sampling device (CBSD)
Titre de la conférence
ICPIC 2011, 1st International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control
Geneva, Switzerland, June 29-July 2, 2011
Date de publication
Introduction/objectives: Multipatient use of a single-patient CBSD occurred inan outpatient clinic during 4 to 16 months before itsnotification. We looked for transmission of blood-bornepathogens among exposed patients.Methods: Exposed patients underwent serology testing for HBV,HCV and HIV. Patients with isolated anti-HBc receivedone dose of hepatitis B vaccine to look for a memoryimmune response. Possible transmissions were investigatedby mapping visits and sequencing of the viral genomeif needed.Results: Of 280 exposed patients, 9 had died without suspicionof blood-borne infection, 3 could not be tested, and 5declined investigations. Among the 263 (93%) testedpatients, 218 (83%) had negative results. We confirmeda known history of HCV infection in 6 patients (1 coinfectedby HIV), and also identified resolved HBVinfection in 37 patients, of whom 18 were alreadyknown. 2 patients were found to have a previouslyunknown HCV infection. According to the time elapsedfrom the closest previous visit of a HCV-infected potentialsource patient, we could rule out nosocomial transmissionin one case (14 weeks) but not in the other (1day). In the latter, however, transmission was deemedvery unlikely by 2 reference centers based on thesequences of the E1 and HVR1 regions of the virus.Conclusion: We did not identify any transmission of blood-bornepathogens in 263 patients exposed to a single-patientCBSD, despite the presence of potential source cases.Change of needle and disinfection of the device betweenpatients may have contributed to this outcome.Although we cannot exclude transmission of HBV, previousacquisition in endemic countries is a more likelyexplanation in this multi-national population.
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