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Analysis of apoptosis in lymph nodes of HIV-infected persons. Intensity of apoptosis correlates with the general state of activation of the lymphoid tissue and not with stage of disease or viral burden
Journal of Immunology
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Journal Article --- Old month value: May 15
The occurrence of in vivo apoptosis was investigated in lymph node sections obtained from HIV-infected persons at different stages of disease. The degree of apoptosis in lymph nodes from HIV-infected individuals was compared with that observed in lymph nodes obtained from HIV-negative individuals. Apoptosis was readily detected in lymph nodes obtained from both HIV-negative and HIV-positive persons; however, the degree of apoptosis in lymph nodes obtained from HIV-positive persons was three to four times higher than that observed in the lymph nodes obtained from HIV-negative persons. In contrast to HIV-negative lymph nodes in which apoptosis was confined largely to germinal centers, in HIV-positive lymph nodes all functional compartments of the lymph node (i.e., cortex, paracortex, and sinuses) were extensively involved by this phenomenon. Furthermore, a significant correlation was observed between intensity of apoptosis and degree of activation of the lymphoid tissue associated with HIV infection. In contrast, intensity of apoptosis correlated neither with the clinical stage of HIV disease nor with the viral burden in the lymph node. Finally, apoptosis was not restricted only to CD4+ T cells; both B cells and CD8+ T cells were found to undergo apoptosis. Taken together, these results indicate that the increased intensity of the apoptotic phenomenon in HIV infection is caused by the general state of immune activation, and is independent of the progression of HIV disease and of the levels of viral load.
Acridine Orange Apoptosis/*immunology DNA Damage DNA, Viral/analysis Electrophoresis, Agar Gel HIV Infections/*immunology/virology HIV-1/immunology/isolation & purification Humans Leukocytes, Mononuclear/immunology Lymph Nodes/cytology/*immunology/virology Polymerase Chain Reaction
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