Clinically-relevant threshold of preformed donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies in kidney transplantation.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_04243BC5CAD3
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Clinically-relevant threshold of preformed donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies in kidney transplantation.
Périodique
Human immunology
Auteur(s)
Salvadé I., Aubert V., Venetz J.P., Golshayan D., Saouli A.C., Matter M., Rotman S., Pantaleo G., Pascual M.
ISSN
1879-1166 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0198-8859
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
06/2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
77
Numéro
6
Pages
483-489
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Pretransplant anti-HLA donor-specific antibodies (DSA) are recognized as a risk factor for acute antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) in kidney transplantation. The predictive value of C4d-fixing capability by DSA or of IgG DSA subclasses for acute AMR in the pretransplant setting has been recently studied. In addition DSA strength assessed by mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) may improve risk stratification. We aimed to analyze the relevance of preformed DSA and of DSA MFI values.
280 consecutive patients with negative complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatches received a kidney transplant between 01/2008 and 03/2014. Sera were screened for the presence of DSA with a solid-phase assays on a Luminex flow analyzer, and the results were correlated with biopsy-proven acute AMR in the first year and survival.
Pretransplant anti-HLA antibodies were present in 72 patients (25.7%) and 24 (8.6%) had DSA. There were 46 (16.4%) acute rejection episodes, 32 (11.4%) being cellular and 14 (5.0%) AMR. The incidence of acute AMR was higher in patients with pretransplant DSA (41.7%) than in those without (1.6%) (p<0.001). The median cumulative MFI (cMFI) of the group DSA+/AMR+ was 5680 vs 2208 in DSA+/AMR- (p=0.058). With univariate logistic regression a threshold value of 5280 cMFI was predictive for acute AMR. DSA cMFI's ability to predict AMR was also explored by ROC analysis. AUC was 0.728 and the best threshold was a cMFI of 4340. Importantly pretransplant DSA>5280 cMFI had a detrimental effect on 5-year graft survival.
Preformed DSA cMFI values were clinically-relevant for the prediction of acute AMR and graft survival in kidney transplantation. A threshold of 4300-5300 cMFI was a significant outcome predictor.

Mots-clé
Adult, Aged, Female, Graft Rejection/diagnosis, Graft Rejection/immunology, HLA Antigens/immunology, Histocompatibility Testing/standards, Humans, Isoantibodies/blood, Kidney Transplantation, Male, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Reference Standards, Risk
Pubmed
Création de la notice
19/04/2016 13:21
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 12:26
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