Article: article from journal or magazin.
Method for functional study of mitochondria in rat hypothalamus.
Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Different roles of mitochondria in brain function according to brain area are now clearly emerging. Unfortunately, no technique is yet described to investigate mitochondria function in specific brain area. In this article, we provide a complete description of a procedure to analyze the mitochondrial function in rat brain biopsies. Our two-step method consists in a saponin permeabilization of fresh brain tissues in combination with high-resolution respirometry to acquire the integrated respiratory rate of the biopsy. In the first part, we carefully checked the mitochondria integrity after permeabilization, defined experimental conditions to determine the respiratory control ratio (RCR), and tested the reproducibility of this technique. In the second part, we applied our method to test its sensitivity. As a result, this method was sensitive enough to reveal region specificity of mitochondrial respiration within the brain. Moreover, we detected physiopathological modulation of the mitochondrial function in the hypothalamus. Thus this new technique that takes all cell types into account, and does not discard or select any mitochondria sub-population is very suitable to analyze the integrated mitochondrial respiration of brain biopsies.
Animals, Brain/drug effects, Brain/physiology, Cell Respiration, Clinical Laboratory Techniques, Fasting/physiology, Hyperglycemia/physiopathology, Hypothalamus/drug effects, Hypothalamus/physiology, Male, Microscopy, Electron, Mitochondria/physiology, Mitochondria/ultrastructure, Oxygen Consumption, Permeability/drug effects, Phosphorylation, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Rats, Zucker, Saponins/pharmacology, Stress, Physiological
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