Article: article from journal or magazin.
Diagnostic d'embolie pulmonaire: problématique résiduelle des D-dimères faussement positifs [The unresolved issue of false-positive D-dimer results in the diagnostic workup of pulmonary embolism].
Revue Médicale Suisse
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
The unresolved issue of false-positive D-dimer results in the diagnostic workup of pulmonary embolism Pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a difficult diagnosis as it lacks specific symptoms and clinical signs. After the determination of the pretest PE probability by a validated clinical score, D-dimers (DD) is the initial blood test in the majority of patients whose probability is low or intermediate. The low specificity of DD results in a high number of false-positives that then require thoracic angio-CT. A new clinical decision rule, called the Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out criteria (PERC), identifies patients at such low risk that PE can be safely ruled-out without a DD test. Its safety has been confirmed in US emergency departments, but retrospective European studies showed that it would lead to 5-7% of undiagnosed PE. Alternative strategies are needed to reduce the proportion of false-positive DD results.
Algorithms, Antifibrinolytic Agents/analysis, Biological Markers/analysis, Diagnosis, Differential, Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products/analysis, Humans, Predictive Value of Tests, Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis, Sensitivity and Specificity
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