Article: article from journal or magazin.
Functional properties of a monoclonal antibody inhibiting the hepatitis C virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), represented by nonstructural protein 5B (NS5B), has recently emerged as a promising target for antiviral intervention. Here, we describe the isolation, functional characterization, and molecular cloning of a monoclonal antibody (mAb) inhibiting the HCV RdRp. This mAb, designated 5B-12B7, binds with high affinity to a conformational epitope in the palm subdomain of the HCV RdRp and recognizes native NS5B expressed in the context of the entire HCV polyprotein or subgenomic replicons. Complete inhibition of RdRp activity in vitro was observed at equimolar concentrations of NS5B and mAb 5B-12B7, whereas RdRp activities of classical swine fever virus NS5B and poliovirus 3D polymerase were not affected. mAb 5B-12B7 selectively inhibited NTP binding to HCV NS5B, whereas binding of template RNA was unaffected, thus explaining the mechanism of action at the molecular level. The mAb 5B-12B7 heavy and light chain variable domains were cloned by reverse transcription-PCR, and a single chain Fv fragment was assembled for expression in Escherichia coli and in eukaryotic cells. The mAb 5B-12B7 single chain Fv fragment bound to NS5B both in vitro and in transfected human cell lines and therefore may be potentially useful for intracellular immunization against HCV. More important, detailed knowledge of the mAb 5B-12B7 contact sites on the enzyme may facilitate the development of small molecule RdRp inhibitors as novel antiviral agents.
Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal/metabolism, Antibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacology, Antiviral Agents/pharmacology, Base Sequence, Epitope Mapping, Female, Immunoglobulin Fragments/metabolism, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Molecular Sequence Data, Viral Nonstructural Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors, Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology
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