Nutrition and management of glycemia in neonates with neonatal encephalopathy treated with hypothermia.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_EC7B3CBFB211
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Nutrition and management of glycemia in neonates with neonatal encephalopathy treated with hypothermia.
Périodique
Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Pinchefsky E.F., Schneider J., Basu S., Tam EWY, Gale C.
Collaborateur⸱rice⸱s
Newborn Brain Society Guidelines and Publications Committee*
ISSN
1878-0946 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1744-165X
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
08/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
26
Numéro
4
Pages
101268
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Adequate nutrition and glycemic homeostasis are increasingly recognized as potentially neuroprotective for the developing brain. In the context of hypoxia-ischemia, evidence is scarce regarding optimal nutritional support and administration route, as well as the short- and long-term consequences of such interventions. In this review, we summarize current knowledge on disturbances of brain metabolism of glucose and substrates by hypoxia-ischemia, and compound effects of these mechanisms on brain injury characterized by specific patterns on EEG and MRI. Risks and benefits of nutrition delivery via parenteral or enteral routes are examined. Nutrition could mitigate adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, and the impact of nutritional strategies and specific nutritional interventions are reviewed. Limited literature highlights the need for further studies to understand the changes in energy metabolism during and after hypoxic-ischemic injury, to optimize nutritional regimens and glucose management, and to inform the neuroprotective role of nutrition.
Mots-clé
Brain imaging, Brain metabolism, Electroencephalogram, Hyperglycemia, Hypoglycemia, Neonatal encephalopathy, Nutrition, Parenteral nutrition
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
02/08/2021 14:01
Dernière modification de la notice
27/11/2021 6:36
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