Substance-use disorders, personality traits, and sex differences in institutionalized adolescents.

Détails

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur⸱e
Licence: Tous droits réservés
ID Serval
serval:BIB_B8B73722D85F
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Substance-use disorders, personality traits, and sex differences in institutionalized adolescents.
Périodique
The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Habersaat S., Ramain J., Mantzouranis G., Palix J., Boonmann C., Fegert J.M., Schmeck K., Perler C., Schmid M., Urben S.
ISSN
1097-9891 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0095-2990
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
44
Numéro
6
Pages
686-694
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Substance-use disorder (SUD) was found to be an aggravating factor to delinquency and is closely related to personality disorders (PDs).
The aim of this study was to investigate sex differences in the relationship between PD traits and SUD in adolescents institutionalized in child welfare and juvenile justice institutions.
PD traits were measured dimensionally in a sample of 282 boys (69 with an SUD diagnosis) and 143 girls (45 with an SUD diagnosis) from child welfare and juvenile-justice institutions.
Logistic regressions showed that antisocial, borderline, and paranoid personality traits were positively associated with SUD, while obsessive compulsive personality traits were negatively related with SUD. Additionally, in institutionalized girls, self-defeating personality traits were associated with less risk of SUD.
This study provides a relative evidence for sex specificities in the relation between PD traits and SUD.
Mots-clé
Personality disorders traits, adolescents, behaviors problems, sex differences, socio-educational institutions, substance-use disorder
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
22/08/2018 8:58
Dernière modification de la notice
21/07/2020 6:21
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