Substance-use disorders, personality traits, and sex differences in institutionalized adolescents.

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State: Public
Version: author
License: All rights reserved
Serval ID
serval:BIB_B8B73722D85F
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Substance-use disorders, personality traits, and sex differences in institutionalized adolescents.
Journal
The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse
Author(s)
Habersaat S., Ramain J., Mantzouranis G., Palix J., Boonmann C., Fegert J.M., Schmeck K., Perler C., Schmid M., Urben S.
ISSN
1097-9891 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0095-2990
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
44
Number
6
Pages
686-694
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Substance-use disorder (SUD) was found to be an aggravating factor to delinquency and is closely related to personality disorders (PDs).
The aim of this study was to investigate sex differences in the relationship between PD traits and SUD in adolescents institutionalized in child welfare and juvenile justice institutions.
PD traits were measured dimensionally in a sample of 282 boys (69 with an SUD diagnosis) and 143 girls (45 with an SUD diagnosis) from child welfare and juvenile-justice institutions.
Logistic regressions showed that antisocial, borderline, and paranoid personality traits were positively associated with SUD, while obsessive compulsive personality traits were negatively related with SUD. Additionally, in institutionalized girls, self-defeating personality traits were associated with less risk of SUD.
This study provides a relative evidence for sex specificities in the relation between PD traits and SUD.
Keywords
Personality disorders traits, adolescents, behaviors problems, sex differences, socio-educational institutions, substance-use disorder
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
22/08/2018 7:58
Last modification date
21/07/2020 5:21
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