Acute sensory responses of nonsmokers at very low environmental tobacco smoke concentrations in controlled laboratory settings.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_B3CE979A3AAD
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Acute sensory responses of nonsmokers at very low environmental tobacco smoke concentrations in controlled laboratory settings.
Périodique
Environmental Health Perspectives
Auteur(s)
Junker M.H., Danuser Brigitta, Monn C., Koller T.
ISSN
0091-6765 (Print)
ISSN-L
0091-6765
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2001
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
109
Numéro
10
Pages
1045-1052
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Résumé
The objective of this study was to provide a basis for effectively protecting nonsmokers from acute sensory impacts and for preventing deterioration of indoor air quality caused by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) emissions. With an olfactory experiment we determined odor detection thresholds (OT) of sidestream ETS (sETS), and with a full-body exposure experiment we investigated sensory symptoms at very low sETS exposure concentrations. OT concentrations for sETS are three and more orders of magnitude lower than ETS concentrations measured in field settings and correspond to a fresh air dilution volume of > 19,000 m(3) per cigarette, over 100 times more than had previously been suggested for acceptable indoor air conditions. Eye and nasal irritations were observed at one order of magnitude lower sETS concentrations than previously reported, corresponding to a fresh air dilution volume of > 3,000 m(3) per cigarette. These findings have great practical implications for defining indoor air quality standards in indoor compartments where ETS emissions occur. Our study strongly supports the implementation and control of smoking policies such as segregating smoking areas from areas where smoking is not permitted or instituting smoking bans in public buildings.
Mots-clé
Adolescent, Adult, Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis, Facility Design and Construction, Female, Humans, Public Policy, Sensory Thresholds, Smell, Tobacco Smoke Pollution/analysis, Ventilation
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
11/08/2011 11:42
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:22
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