Acute sensory responses of nonsmokers at very low environmental tobacco smoke concentrations in controlled laboratory settings.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_B3CE979A3AAD
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Acute sensory responses of nonsmokers at very low environmental tobacco smoke concentrations in controlled laboratory settings.
Journal
Environmental Health Perspectives
Author(s)
Junker M.H., Danuser Brigitta, Monn C., Koller T.
ISSN
0091-6765 (Print)
ISSN-L
0091-6765
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2001
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
109
Number
10
Pages
1045-1052
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The objective of this study was to provide a basis for effectively protecting nonsmokers from acute sensory impacts and for preventing deterioration of indoor air quality caused by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) emissions. With an olfactory experiment we determined odor detection thresholds (OT) of sidestream ETS (sETS), and with a full-body exposure experiment we investigated sensory symptoms at very low sETS exposure concentrations. OT concentrations for sETS are three and more orders of magnitude lower than ETS concentrations measured in field settings and correspond to a fresh air dilution volume of > 19,000 m(3) per cigarette, over 100 times more than had previously been suggested for acceptable indoor air conditions. Eye and nasal irritations were observed at one order of magnitude lower sETS concentrations than previously reported, corresponding to a fresh air dilution volume of > 3,000 m(3) per cigarette. These findings have great practical implications for defining indoor air quality standards in indoor compartments where ETS emissions occur. Our study strongly supports the implementation and control of smoking policies such as segregating smoking areas from areas where smoking is not permitted or instituting smoking bans in public buildings.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis, Facility Design and Construction, Female, Humans, Public Policy, Sensory Thresholds, Smell, Tobacco Smoke Pollution/analysis, Ventilation
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
11/08/2011 11:42
Last modification date
20/08/2019 15:22
Usage data