Meaning in life and quality of life: palliative care patients versus the general population.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: bmjspcare-2020-002211.full.pdf (305.62 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: CC BY-NC 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_ACCF274EE899
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Meaning in life and quality of life: palliative care patients versus the general population.
Périodique
BMJ supportive & palliative care
Auteur(s)
Bernard M., Berchtold A., Strasser F., Gamondi C., Borasio G.D.
ISSN
2045-4368 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2045-435X
Statut éditorial
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Résumé
Meaning in life (MIL) represent a key topic in palliative care. The aims of this study were to explore (1) the differences in perceived MIL and in the meaning-relevant life areas between a representative sample of the Swiss population and palliative care patients, and (2) to what extent MIL can be considered as a significant predictor of quality of life (QOL).
A cross-sectional study was conducted separately for the patients (face-to-face interviews) and the general population (telephone survey). MIL was measured with the Schedule for Meaning in Life Evaluation (SMILE) and QOL with a single-item visual analogue scale (0-10). Sociodemographic variables were controlled for in the analyses.
206 patients and 1015 participants from the Swiss population completed the protocol. Results indicated high MIL scores in both populations even if the difference was significant (patients 81.9 vs general population 87, p<0.001). Patients were more likely to cite 'family' (OR=1.78), 'social relations' (OR=1.9), 'spirituality and religion' (OR=3.93), 'social commitment' (OR=1.94) and 'growth' (OR=2.07), and less likely to cite 'finances' (OR=0.15) and 'health' (OR=0.21) as MIL-relevant areas. The SMILE scores and MIL areas explained 21.8% of the QOL variance for the patients and 15.1% for the representative sample.
Our data emphasise the importance of MIL as a contributor to QOL in both populations. It highlights the importance of the life areas contributing to MIL, especially social interactions for both populations, and spirituality and areas related to growth in palliative care patients.
Mots-clé
psychological care, quality of life, spiritual care, supportive care
Pubmed
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
13/07/2020 11:33
Dernière modification de la notice
05/05/2021 6:11
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