Meaning in life and quality of life: palliative care patients versus the general population.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_ACCF274EE899
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Meaning in life and quality of life: palliative care patients versus the general population.
Journal
BMJ supportive & palliative care
Author(s)
Bernard M., Berchtold A., Strasser F., Gamondi C., Borasio G.D.
ISSN
2045-4368 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2045-435X
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Meaning in life (MIL) represent a key topic in palliative care. The aims of this study were to explore (1) the differences in perceived MIL and in the meaning-relevant life areas between a representative sample of the Swiss population and palliative care patients, and (2) to what extent MIL can be considered as a significant predictor of quality of life (QOL).
A cross-sectional study was conducted separately for the patients (face-to-face interviews) and the general population (telephone survey). MIL was measured with the Schedule for Meaning in Life Evaluation (SMILE) and QOL with a single-item visual analogue scale (0-10). Sociodemographic variables were controlled for in the analyses.
206 patients and 1015 participants from the Swiss population completed the protocol. Results indicated high MIL scores in both populations even if the difference was significant (patients 81.9 vs general population 87, p<0.001). Patients were more likely to cite 'family' (OR=1.78), 'social relations' (OR=1.9), 'spirituality and religion' (OR=3.93), 'social commitment' (OR=1.94) and 'growth' (OR=2.07), and less likely to cite 'finances' (OR=0.15) and 'health' (OR=0.21) as MIL-relevant areas. The SMILE scores and MIL areas explained 21.8% of the QOL variance for the patients and 15.1% for the representative sample.
Our data emphasise the importance of MIL as a contributor to QOL in both populations. It highlights the importance of the life areas contributing to MIL, especially social interactions for both populations, and spirituality and areas related to growth in palliative care patients.
Keywords
psychological care, quality of life, spiritual care, supportive care
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
13/07/2020 12:33
Last modification date
28/07/2020 6:26
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