Prevalence and knowledge of hypertension among people living in rural communities in Ghana: a mixed method study.

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Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
Licence: Non spécifiée
ID Serval
serval:BIB_A9CB54D1382A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
Prevalence and knowledge of hypertension among people living in rural communities in Ghana: a mixed method study.
Périodique
African health sciences
Auteur⸱e⸱s
Agyei-Baffour P., Tetteh G., Quansah D.Y., Boateng D.
ISSN
1729-0503 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1680-6905
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
12/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
18
Numéro
4
Pages
931-941
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Knowledge and understanding of hypertension and its associated health risks remain inadequate despite increasing trend of hypertension prevalence. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence, knowledge and perceptions of hypertension in rural communities in Ghana.
A mixed method study involving 534 subjects was employed. Data was collected in six communities from May to December 2014 with structured questionnaires and interview guides. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to estimate the influence of the socio-demographic factors on knowledge of hypertension. Qualitative data was thematically analyzed.
The mean systolic blood pressure (BP) was higher in men than women (127.42mmHg versus 124.42mmHg). The proportion of hypertensives was 21.4% and was higher among men in all age categories. Knowledge on some risk factors of hypertension was extremely low. Having formal education was associated with higher odds of knowledge of hypertension (Adjusted odds ratio [AOR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.28; 1.25-4.16). Several misconceptions such as the use of agro-chemicals, fertilizers and excess vitamins were identified as causes of hypertension.
This study demonstrates an increased prevalence of hypertension, knowledge gaps and misconceptions surrounding hypertension in rural communities in Ghana. This evidence is useful in streamlining interventional programmes aimed at improving knowledge and prevention of hypertension.
Mots-clé
Adult, Age Factors, Body Mass Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Farmers, Female, Ghana/epidemiology, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Hypertension/epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Rural Population/statistics & numerical data, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Ghana, Hypertension, blood pressure, knowledge, prevalence, rural communities
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
20/12/2018 18:36
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:14
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