Prevalence and knowledge of hypertension among people living in rural communities in Ghana: a mixed method study.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_A9CB54D1382A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Prevalence and knowledge of hypertension among people living in rural communities in Ghana: a mixed method study.
Journal
African health sciences
Author(s)
Agyei-Baffour P., Tetteh G., Quansah D.Y., Boateng D.
ISSN
1729-0503 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1680-6905
Publication state
Published
Issued date
12/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
18
Number
4
Pages
931-941
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Knowledge and understanding of hypertension and its associated health risks remain inadequate despite increasing trend of hypertension prevalence. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence, knowledge and perceptions of hypertension in rural communities in Ghana.
A mixed method study involving 534 subjects was employed. Data was collected in six communities from May to December 2014 with structured questionnaires and interview guides. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to estimate the influence of the socio-demographic factors on knowledge of hypertension. Qualitative data was thematically analyzed.
The mean systolic blood pressure (BP) was higher in men than women (127.42mmHg versus 124.42mmHg). The proportion of hypertensives was 21.4% and was higher among men in all age categories. Knowledge on some risk factors of hypertension was extremely low. Having formal education was associated with higher odds of knowledge of hypertension (Adjusted odds ratio [AOR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]=2.28; 1.25-4.16). Several misconceptions such as the use of agro-chemicals, fertilizers and excess vitamins were identified as causes of hypertension.
This study demonstrates an increased prevalence of hypertension, knowledge gaps and misconceptions surrounding hypertension in rural communities in Ghana. This evidence is useful in streamlining interventional programmes aimed at improving knowledge and prevention of hypertension.
Keywords
Adult, Age Factors, Body Mass Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Farmers, Female, Ghana/epidemiology, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Hypertension/epidemiology, Male, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Rural Population/statistics & numerical data, Sex Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Ghana, Hypertension, blood pressure, knowledge, prevalence, rural communities
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
20/12/2018 18:36
Last modification date
20/08/2019 16:14
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