French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_A6313915835A
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Titre
French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES.
Périodique
Nutrients
Auteur(s)
Tappy L., Morio B., Azzout-Marniche D., Champ M., Gerber M., Houdart S., Mas E., Rizkalla S., Slama G., Mariotti F., Margaritis I.
ISSN
2072-6643 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2072-6643
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
29/07/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Numéro
8
Pages
16pp
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review ; Systematic Review
Publication Status: epublish
Résumé
This article presents a systematic review of the scientific evidence linking sugar consumption and health in the adult population performed by a group of experts, mandated by the French Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement, et du travail (ANSES). A literature search was performed by crossing search terms for overweight/obesity, diabetes/insulin resistance, dyslipidemia/cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), and uric acid concentrations on one hand and for intake of sugars on the other. Controlled mechanistic studies, prospective cohort studies, and randomized clinical trials were extracted and assessed. A literature analysis supported links between sugar intake and both total energy intake and body weight gain, and between sugar intake and blood triglycerides independently of total energy intake. The effects of sugar on blood triglycerides were shown to be mediated by the fructose component of sucrose and were observed with an intake of fructose >50 g/day. In addition, prospective cohort studies showed associations between sugar intake and the risk of diabetes/insulin resistance, cardiovascular diseases, NAFLD, and hyperuricemia. Based on these observations, ANSES proposed to set a maximum limit to the intake of total sugars containing fructose (sucrose, glucose⁻fructose syrups, honey or other syrups, and natural concentrates, etc.) of 100 g/day.
Mots-clé
Adult, Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology, Diabetes Mellitus/etiology, Diet, Dietary Sucrose/administration & dosage, Dietary Sucrose/adverse effects, Dyslipidemias/etiology, Feeding Behavior, France, Fructose/administration & dosage, Fructose/adverse effects, Glucose/administration & dosage, Glucose/adverse effects, High Fructose Corn Syrup/administration & dosage, High Fructose Corn Syrup/adverse effects, Honey/adverse effects, Humans, Hyperuricemia/etiology, Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/etiology, Nutrition Policy, Obesity/etiology, Risk Factors, cardiovascular diseases, dietary guidelines, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-communicable diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
07/08/2018 12:17
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:35
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