French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_A6313915835A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
French Recommendations for Sugar Intake in Adults: A Novel Approach Chosen by ANSES.
Journal
Nutrients
Author(s)
Tappy L., Morio B., Azzout-Marniche D., Champ M., Gerber M., Houdart S., Mas E., Rizkalla S., Slama G., Mariotti F., Margaritis I.
ISSN
2072-6643 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
2072-6643
Publication state
Published
Issued date
29/07/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Number
8
Pages
16pp
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Review ; Systematic Review
Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
This article presents a systematic review of the scientific evidence linking sugar consumption and health in the adult population performed by a group of experts, mandated by the French Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement, et du travail (ANSES). A literature search was performed by crossing search terms for overweight/obesity, diabetes/insulin resistance, dyslipidemia/cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD), and uric acid concentrations on one hand and for intake of sugars on the other. Controlled mechanistic studies, prospective cohort studies, and randomized clinical trials were extracted and assessed. A literature analysis supported links between sugar intake and both total energy intake and body weight gain, and between sugar intake and blood triglycerides independently of total energy intake. The effects of sugar on blood triglycerides were shown to be mediated by the fructose component of sucrose and were observed with an intake of fructose >50 g/day. In addition, prospective cohort studies showed associations between sugar intake and the risk of diabetes/insulin resistance, cardiovascular diseases, NAFLD, and hyperuricemia. Based on these observations, ANSES proposed to set a maximum limit to the intake of total sugars containing fructose (sucrose, glucose⁻fructose syrups, honey or other syrups, and natural concentrates, etc.) of 100 g/day.
Keywords
Adult, Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology, Diabetes Mellitus/etiology, Diet, Dietary Sucrose/administration & dosage, Dietary Sucrose/adverse effects, Dyslipidemias/etiology, Feeding Behavior, France, Fructose/administration & dosage, Fructose/adverse effects, Glucose/administration & dosage, Glucose/adverse effects, High Fructose Corn Syrup/administration & dosage, High Fructose Corn Syrup/adverse effects, Honey/adverse effects, Humans, Hyperuricemia/etiology, Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/etiology, Nutrition Policy, Obesity/etiology, Risk Factors, cardiovascular diseases, dietary guidelines, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-communicable diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
07/08/2018 11:17
Last modification date
21/08/2019 5:35
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